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Law at the international level
In accordance with the principle of international sovereignty, each nation can freely decide to join any international organisation it may wish, provide that it meets the conditions set by these institutions. The United Nations is one of the truly universal institutions, with 193 member States spread across all the continents.
The Preamble of the Charter of the United Nations undertakes to ”to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained”. The Secretary General of the United Nations is the depository of multilateral treaties.
The protection of human rights and international law is also ensured by courts and tribunals which have various degrees of attachment to the United Nations.
The International Court of Justice
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It was established by the United Nations Charter in June 1945 and began its activities in April 1946. The Court is composed of 15 judges elected for a nine-year term by the General Assembly and the Security Council of the United Nations. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). The Court has a twofold role: first, to settle, in accordance with international law, through judgments which have binding force and are without appeal for the parties concerned, legal disputes submitted to it by States; and, second, to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized United Nations organs and agencies of the system.
The International Criminal Court:
Created by the Statute of Rome of July 2002, the ICC is a permanent international criminal court sitting in the Hague whose purpose is to prosecute alleged perpetrators of war crimes, crimes against humanity, genocides and acts of aggression, provided those crimes were committed after July 1st 2002.
The Court respects the principle of complementarity: it does not replace national courts and prosecute individuals only if the state systems concerned do not initiate proceedings, appeal to the ICC or declare their intention to try individuals without having genuinely willingness or ability to actually carry out a prosecution.
ICC and France conclude Agreement on the Enforcement of Sentences The International Criminal Court (“ICC” or “Court”) and the Government of the French Republic have concluded an Agreement on the Enforcement of Sentences. Under the agreement, persons convicted by the ICC may serve sentences of imprisonment in France if so
Abd-Al-Rahman Case_Press Release May 26th, 2021 The confirmation of charges hearing in the case The Prosecutor v. Ali Muhammad Ali Abd-Al-Rahman (“Ali Kushayb”) concluded on May 26th, 2021 before Pre-Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court (ICC), composed of Judge Rosario Salvatore Aitala (Presiding judge), Judge Antoine Kesia-Mbe Mindua and Judge
Swearing in Ceremony of the new ICC Prosecutor A swearing-in Ceremony for the new Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (“ICC” or the “Court”), Mr Karim Asad Ahmad Khan QC, will be held on Wednesday 16 June 2021, at 11:00 CEST in Courtroom I at the Seat of the Court