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The construction of the African Union
On September 9th, 1999, the heads of State and Government, members of the Organisation of the African Unity met in Libya and adopted the Sirte Declaration. It aimed to dissolve the Organisation and replace it with the African Union, which aim would be to continue and accelerate the process of integrating economies on a continental scale while emphasizing social and cultural aspects specific to Africa.
The construction of the Union continued with the adoption of the Constitutive Treaty (Lome Summit of 2000), the transition schedule and the launching of its activities (Lusaka Summit of 2001) and the first general assembly of Heads of State and Government (Durban Summit of 2002).
The organs of the African Union
The Constitutive Act lists the operating organs of the Union:
- The Conference: made up of Heads of State and Government, it is the supreme organ of the Union. It meets in ordinary session at least once a year;
- The Executive Council: made up of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs or any other authority designated by the Member States. It meets at least twice a year in ordinary session. The Executive Council is responsible to the Assembly;
- The Specialised Technical Committees: created and supervised by the Executive Council, the committees work on specific sectoral issues;
- The Panafrican Parliament: body designed to represent the populations of the continent;
- The African Court of Human and People’s Rights: judicial body of the Union;
- The Financial Institutions: the African Central bank, the African Monetary Fund and the African Investment Bank were created and governed by the related protocols;
- The Commission: acts as the Secretary of the Union, it is made up of the President, Vice-President(s) and Commissioner(s). Its structure and attributions are determined by the Conference;
- The Permanent Representatives’ Committee: charged with the responsibility of preparing the work of the Executive Council.
- The Economic, Social and Cultural Council: an advisory organ composed of different social and professional groups of the Member States of the Union. Its missions and powers are defined by the Conference.
“An integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in global arena.”
The Agenda 2063
Presented during the Solemn Declaration of the 50th anniversary of the Golden Jubilee of the OAU/AU in May 2013 as a ”concrete manifestation of the pan-African drive for unity, self-determination, freedom, progress and collective prosperity pursued under Pan-Africanism and African Renaissance”, the Agenda 2063 defines a long term trajectory for the continent.
Among the main goals, we can highlight the eradication of poverty over the next decades, housing for all in a safe and healthy environment, access to education, inter-connectivity, protection of the environment and the sensible and concerted exploitation of natural resources.
To learn more about the goals set by the Conference, click here.
Welcome remarks by the Honourable remarks HE Justice Imani D. Aboud, President of the African Court of the Human and Peoples’ Rights at the opening of the International conference on the implementation and impact of decisions of the African Court His Excellency Haroun Ali Suleiman, Minister of State-President Office, Constitution,
Gabon deposits the instruments of ratification of the AMA Treaty On October 4th, 2021, The Republic of Gabon became the 14th African State to deposit the instruments of ratification of the Treaty on the establishment of the African Medicine Agency (AMA Treaty) to the office of the Commission in Ethiopia.
Mauritius deposits the instruments of ratification of the AMA Treaty On September 30th, 2021, the Republic of Mauritius became the thirteenth (13th) member state to deposit the instrument of ratification of the African Medicines Agency (AMA). The country signed and ratified the Treaty few days prior to that, on the