084- East Timor Case (Portugal vs Australia)

084- East Timor Case (Portugal vs Australia) On February 22nd, 1991, Portugal filed with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against Australia concerning “certain activities of Australia with respect to East Timor”. It contended that Australia had disregarded its obligation to respect the duties and powers of Portugal as the administering […]

083- Territorial Dispute between Libya and Chad (Libya vs Chad)

083- Territorial Dispute between Libya and Chad (Libya vs Chad) On August 31st, 1990, Libya and Chad submitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an agreement concluded between the two parties on August 31st, 1989, in which they agreed to submit their territorial dispute to the Court in the event that they were unable […]

063- The Continental Shelf Case (Tunisia vs Libya)

063- The Continental Shelf Case (Tunisia vs Libya) On December 1st, 1978, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) received a special agreement signed by Libya and Tunisia concerning the delimitation of the continental shelf of each of the countries concerned. Article 1 of the Compromise presented the question of law as follows: “What principles and […]

054- Appeal relating to the Jurisdiction of the ICAO Council (India Pakistan)

054- Appeal relating to the Jurisdiction of the ICAO Council (India Pakistan) In February 1971, following an incident relating to the diversion of an Indian aircraft to Pakistan, India suspended overflights of its territory by Pakistani civilian aircraft. Pakistan referred the matter to the Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization, considering that this was […]

052- North Sea Continental Shelf (Germany vs Netherlands)

052- North Sea Continental Shelf (Germany vs Netherlands) On February 20th, 1967, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) was seized by way of Special Agreement of a dispute concerning the delimitation of the continental shelf of the North Sea between Germany and the Netherlands. In particular, it was asked to answer the following question: “What […]

051- North Sea Continental Shelf (Germany vs Denmark)

051- North Sea Continental Shelf (Germany vs Denmark) On February 20th, 1967, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) was seized by way of Special Agreement of a dispute concerning the delimitation of the continental shelf of the North Sea between Germany and Denmark. In particular, it was asked to answer the following question: “What principles […]

050- Barcelona Traction (Belgium vs Spain)

050- Barcelona Traction, Light and Power Company Limited (Belgium vs Spain) On June 19th, 1962, Belgium filed with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a new application initiating proceedings in the case 041- Barcelona Traction (Belgium vs Spain). Spain raised four preliminary objections to the Jurisdiction of the Court. In its judgment of July 24th, 1964, […]

048- The Northern Cameroons (Cameroon vs UK)

048- The Northern Cameroons (Cameroon vs UK) On May 30th 1961, the Republic of Cameroon filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against the United Kingdom for violation of the trusteeship agreement applying to the territory of Cameroon under British administration (northern Cameroon), and in particular the attachment of part […]

047- South West Africa Cases (Liberia vs South Africa)

047- South West Africa Cases (Liberia vs South Africa) On November 4th, 1960, Ethiopia and Liberia, acting as former member states of the League of Nations (the League), each filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against South Africa in a case concerning the maintenance of the League’s mandate for […]

046- South West Africa Cases (Ethiopia vs South Africa)

046- South West Africa Cases (Ethiopia vs South Africa) On November 4th, 1960, Ethiopia and Liberia, acting as former member states of the League of Nations (the League), each filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against South Africa in a case concerning the maintenance of the League’s mandate for […]

039- Arbitral Award Made by the King of Spain of 23 Dec. 1906 (Honduras vs Nicaragua)

039- Arbitral Award Made by the King of Spain of 23 Dec. 1906 (Honduras vs Nicaragua) On July 1st, 1958, Honduras filed an application instituting proceedings  before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Nicaragua concerning the delimitation of part of the border between the two countries. Indeed, in a convention signed on October 7th, […]

038- Sovereignty over Certain Frontier Land (Belgium vs Netherlands)

038- Sovereignty over Certain Frontier Land (Belgium vs Netherlands) On November  27th, 1957, Belgium and the Netherlands jointly submitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a compromise requesting it to grant sovereignty over certain border plots of land to one or the other of the country. Each party presented the title and documents on […]

035- Aerial Incident of 27 July 1955 (Israel vs Bulgaria)

035- Aerial Incident of 27 July 1955 (Israel vs Bulgaria) On October 16th, 1957, Israel filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Bulgaria concerning the destruction by the Bulgarian air defence of an aircraft belonging to an Israeli line. Bulgaria had raised a preliminary objection concerning the Court’s lack […]

033- Application of the Convention of 1902 concerning the Guardianship of Infants (Netherlands vs Sweden)

033- Application of the Convention of 1902 concerning the Guardianship of Infants (Netherlands vs Sweden) On July 10th, 1957, the Kingdom of the Netherlands filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Sweden regarding a dispute concerning the application of national rules and international conventions on the guardianship of minors. […]

029- Certain Norwegian Loans (France vs Norway)

029- Certain Norwegian Loans (France vs Norway) On July 6th, 1955, France filed an application instituting proceedings against Norway before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) concerning certain loans that Norway had taken between 1885 and 1909. Interest on these loans had been paid in Norwegian kroner since Norway’s decision to suspend gold-currency convertibility. France […]

019- Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy vs France, UK and USA)

019- Monetary Gold Removed from Rome in 1943 (Italy vs France, UK and USA) On May 19th, 1953, Italy filed before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against France, the United Kingdom and the United States in respect of a dispute concerning monetary gold seized in Rome in 1943 by Germany. […]

018- Nottebohm (Liechtenstein vs Guatemala)

018- Nottebohm (Liechtenstein vs Guatemala) On December 17th 1951, Liechtenstein filed an application with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) instituting proceedings against Guatemala. In that case, Liechtenstein requested the Government of Guatemala reparation for certain measures taken against Mr. Friedrich Nottebohm, a Liechtenstein national, allegedly contrary to international law. Guatemala raised some preliminary objections […]

017- Minquiers and Ecrehous (France vs UK)

017- Minquiers and Ecrehous (France vs UK) On December 6th, 1951, France and the United Kingdom submitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a Special Agreement signed by the two states asking the Court the question of which of the two parties had sovereignty over the groups of islets of Minquiers and Ecrehous according […]

016- Anglo Iranian Oil (UK vs Iran)

016- Anglo Iranian Oil (UK vs Iran) On 26 May 1951, the United Kingdom filed before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against Iran in respect of a dispute concerning the nationalisation of the Iranian-British company Anglo-Iranian Oil. Indeed, an agreement had been concluded between the Iranian Government and the Anglo-Iranian […]

015- Amabatielos Case (Greece vs UK)

015- Amabatielos Case (Greece vs UK) On April 9th, 1951, Greece filed an application instituting proceedings against the United Kingdom before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) over disputes that a Greek national had with Great Britain. In the present case, Mr. Ambatielos was a Greek shipowner who had signed a contract with the British […]

007- Asylum Case (Colombia vs Peru)

007- Asylum Case (Colombia vs Peru) On October 15, 1949, Colombia filed an application instituting proceedings against Peru before the International Court of Justice. The dispute regarded the interpretation of certain provisions of the Pan-American Convention of Havana on the Right of Asylum (1928). In this case, diplomatic asylum had been granted on January 3rd, […]

005- Fisheries Case (UK vs Norway)

005- Fisheries Case (UK vs Norway) On September 28th, 1949, the United Kingdom filed an application instituting proceedings against Norway before the International Court of Justice (ICJ). In this case, the ICJ had to rule on the legality of a decree taken by Norway which granted the exclusive use of certain fishing banks to its […]

001- The Corfu Channel Case (UK vs Albania)

001- The Corfu Channel Case (UK vs Albania) On May 22nd, 1947, the United Kingdom filed an application instituting proceedings against Albania before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) following damage to warships of the British fleet in the Corfu channel. Accusing Albania of having laid the mines or of having let a third State […]