178- Application Convention against Genocide (The Gambia vs Myanmar)

178- Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (The Gambia vs Myanmar) On November 11th, 2019, the Republic of The Gambia filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against the Republic of Myanmar for alleged violations of the Convention on the Prevention and […]

183- Questions regarding Jurisdictional Immunities (Germany vs Italy)

183- Certain questions of Jurisdictional Immunities and Enforcement of Judgments (Germany and Italy) On April 29th, 2022, the Federal Republic of Germany filed an application instituting proceedings against the Republic of Italy before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for alleged violations of the principle of jurisdictional immunity and non-compliance with the decisions rendered. This […]

143- Jurisdictional Immunities of the State (Germany vs Italy)

143- Jurisdictional Immunities of the State (Germany vs Italy) On December 23rd, 2008, the Federal Republic of Germany filed an application instituting proceedings against the Republic of Italy before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for alleged violations of the principle of immunity from jurisdiction of a sovereign State before the civil courts of the […]

162- Status and Use of the Silala Waters (Chile vs Bolivia)

162 – Dispute over the Status and Use of the Waters Silala (Chile vs Bolivia) On June 6th, 2016, the Republic of Chile filed before the International Court of Justice (the ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against the Plurinational State of Bolivia concerning the status and use of the waters of the Silala (also known […]

182- Application of the Convention against Genocide (Ukraine vs Russia)

182 – Application of the Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Ukraine vs Russia) On February 26th, 2022, the Republic of Ukraine filed before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against the Russian Federation for alleged violations of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of […]

179- Land and Maritime Frontiers (Gabon/ Equatorial Guinea)

179- Land and Maritime Delimitation and Sovereignty over Islands (Gabon/Equatorial Guinea) On March 05th 2021, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea submitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a compromise signed by the two States on November 15th 2016 and entered into force in March 2020. The Court is requested “to determine whether the legal titles, […]

161- Maritime Delimitation in the Indian Ocean (Somalia vs Kenya)

161- Maritime Delimitation in the Indian Ocean (Somalia vs Kenya) On August 28th 2014, Somalia filed before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against Kenya concerning the establishment of a single maritime boundary in the Indian Ocean between the two countries, delimiting the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and […]

181- Application of the CERD (Azerbaijan vs Armenia)

181- Application of the CERD (Azerbaijan vs Armenia) On September 23rd, 2021, Azerbaijan filed with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against Armenia for alleged violations of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (the ”Convention” ”or“ CERD ”) in its articles 2 to 7 during […]

180- Application of the CERD (Armenia vs Azerbaijan)

180- Application of the CERD (Armenia vs Azerbaijan) On September 16th, 2021, Armenia filed with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against Azerbaijan for alleged violations of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (the ”Convention” ”or“ CERD ”) in its articles 2 to 7 during […]

003- Conditions of Admission of a State to Membership in the United Nations

003- Conditions of Admission of a State to Membership in the United Nations From the creation of the United Nations some 12 States had unsuccessfully applied for admission. Their applications were rejected by the Security Council in consequence of a veto imposed by one or other of the States which are permanent members of the […]

013- Interpretation of the ICJ Judgment of Nov 20 1950 (Colombia vs Peru)

013- Request in Interpretation of the ICJ Judgment of Nov 20 1950 (Colombia vs Peru) The same day that the Court delivered its judgment in the case 007- Asylum Case (Colombia vs Peru), Colombia submitted an application for interpretation in which it intended, inter alia, to have a statement as to whether the judgment entailed an […]

098- Kasikili/Sedudu Island Case (Botswana vs Namibia)

098- Kasikili/Sedudu Island Case (Botswana vs Namibia) The Governments of Botswana and Namibia submitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a compromise signed by the two States on February 15th, 1996 regarding the legal status of Kasikili/Sedudu Island and its belonging to one or other of these nations. The Court rendered its judgment on […]

172- Application of the CERD (Qatar vs United Arab Emirates)

172- Application of the CERD (Qatar vs United Arab Emirates) Qatar, accusing the United Arab Emirates (UAE) of having implemented a discriminatory policy against Qatari nationals; filed a motion instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), alleging a violation by the defendant State of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms […]

169- Legal Consequences of the Separation of the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965

169- Legal Consequences of the Separation of the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965 On June 22th, 2017, the UN General Assembly adopted resolution 71/292, in which, it requested the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to give an advisory opinion on the following matters: “(a) Was the process of decolonization of Mauritius lawfully completed when […]

168- Jadhav (India vs Pakistan)

168- Jadhav (India vs Pakistan) On May 08th, 2017, India filed a motion instituting proceedings against Pakistan before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) regarding the detention, trial and death sentence of one of its nationals by the State of Pakistan. The treatment suffered by Mr. Jadhav constituted, according to the applicant, a violation of […]

170- Request in Interpretation of the ICJ Case of 23 May 2008 (Malaysia vs Singapore)

170- Request in Interpretation of the ICJ Case of 23 May 2008 (Malaysia vs Singapore) On June 30, 2017, Malaysia filed a request for interpretation of the judgment rendered by the International Court of Justice on May 23, 2008 in case number 130-Sovereignty over Pedra Branca/Pulau Batu Puteh, Middle Rocks and South Ledge (Malaysia/Singapore). However, by […]

099- Case concerning the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (Paraguay vs USA)

099- Case concerning the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (Paraguay vs USA) On April 3rd, 1998, the Republic of Paraguay filed before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against the United States of America in a dispute concerning alleged violations of the provisions of Article 36 of the Vienna Convention on […]

167- Request in Revision of the ICJ Judgment of 23 of May 2008 (Malaysia vs Singapore)

167- Request in Revision of the ICJ Judgment of 23 of May 2008 (Malaysia vs Singapore) On February 2nd, 2017, Malaysia filed a request in revision of the judgment rendered by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the case 130-Sovereignty over Pedra Branca/Pulau Batu Puteh, Middle Rocks and South Ledge (Malaysia/Singapore). However, by letter dated […]

160-Negotiations relating to Cessation of the Nuclear Arms Race and to Nuclear Disarmament (Marshall Islands v. United Kingdom)

160- Obligations concerning Negotiations relating to Cessation of the Nuclear Arms Race and to Nuclear Disarmament (Marshall Islands v. United Kingdom) On April 24th, 2014, the Marshall Islands filed an Application instituting proceedings against nine States before the International Court Justice (ICJ). In six of these claims ( those against China, the United States of America, […]

159- Negotiations relating to Cessation of the Nuclear Arms Race and to Nuclear Disarmament (Marshall Islands v. Pakistan)

159- Obligations concerning Negotiations relating to Cessation of the Nuclear Arms Race and to Nuclear Disarmament (Marshall Islands v. Pakistan) On April 24th, 2014, the Marshall Islands filed an Application instituting proceedings against nine States before the International Court Justice (ICJ). In six of these claims ( those against China, the United States of America, the […]

158-Negotiations relating to Cessation of the Nuclear Arms Race and to Nuclear Disarmament (Marshall Islands v. India)

158- Obligations concerning Negotiations relating to Cessation of the Nuclear Arms Race and to Nuclear Disarmament (Marshall Islands v. India) On April 24th, 2014, the Marshall Islands filed an Application instituting proceedings against nine States before the International Court Justice (ICJ). In six of these claims ( those against China, the United States of America, the […]

165-Land Boundary in the Northern Part of Isla Portillos (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua)

165-Land Boundary in the Northern Part of Isla Portillos (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua) On January 16th, 2017 Costa Rica filed an Application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Nicaragua regarding a dispute ”concerning the precise definition of the boundary in the area of Los Portillos/Harbor Head Lagoon and the establishment of […]

157-Maritime Delimitation in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua)

157-Maritime Delimitation in the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua) On February 25th, 2015 Costa Rica filed an Application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Nicaragua concerning a dispute relating the maritime delimitation in the Caribbean sea and the Pacific ocean. Claiming to have exhausted all diplomatic […]

156-Questions relating to the Seizure and Detention of Certain Documents and Data (Timor-Leste v. Australia)

156-Questions relating to the Seizure and Detention of Certain Documents and Data (Timor-Leste v. Australia) On December 17th, 2013, Timor-Leste filed an application instituting proceedings against Australia before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) relating to the seizure and detention by Australian agents of extremely sensitive documents. Among these documents, taken from the business premises […]

153-Obligation to Negotiate Access to the Pacific Ocean (Bolivia v. Chile)

153-Obligation to Negotiate Access to the Pacific Ocean (Bolivia v. Chile) Bolivia filed an Application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Chile on April 24th, 2013 concerning a dispute relating to the applicant’s access to the Pacific Ocean. It contended that ”beyond its general obligations under international law, Chile has committed […]

151-Request in Interpretation of the ICJ Case of June 15, 1962 (Cambodia vs Thailand)

151-Request in Interpretation of the ICJ Case of June 15, 1962 (Cambodia vs Thailand) The kingdom of Cambodia has brought before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) a request for interpretation of judgment it had rendered in the case 045- Temple of Preah Vihear (Cambodia vs Thailand). In that instance, it had decided that the monument […]

152-Construction of a Road in Costa Rica along the San Juan River (Nicaragua v. Costa Rica)

152-Construction of a Road in Costa Rica along the San Juan River (Nicaragua v. Costa Rica) On November 18th, 2010, Costa Rica filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Nicaragua, claiming that the latter had violated the principles of territorial integrity and the prohibition of the threat or use […]

150-Certain Activities Carried Out by Nicaragua in the Border Area (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua)

150-Certain Activities Carried Out by Nicaragua in the Border Area (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua) On November 18th, 2010, Costa Rica filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Nicaragua, claiming that the latter had violated the principles of territorial integrity and the prohibition of the threat or use of force. […]

149- Frontier Dispute (Burkina Faso/Niger)

149- Frontier Dispute (Burkina Faso/Niger) On July 20th, 2012, Burkina Faso and Niger submitted a border dispute to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) pursuant to a Special Agreement signed by both countries on February 24th, 2009. In Article 2 of the Special Agreement, the Court was requested in particular to determine the course of the […]

148-Whaling in the Antarctic (Australia v. Japan)

148-Whaling in the Antarctic (Australia v. Japan) On May 31st, 2010, Australia filed an application instituting proceedings against Japan before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) regarding ”Japan’s continued pursuit of a large‑scale program of whaling under the Second Phase of its Japanese Whale Research Program under Special Permit in the Antarctic (‘JARPA II’)”, which […]

147-Certain Questions concerning Diplomatic Relations (Honduras v. Brazil)

147-Certain Questions concerning Diplomatic Relations (Honduras v. Brazil) On October 28th, 2009, the Ambassador of Honduras to the Netherlands instituted proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Brazil claiming that the latter had violated its obligations under Article 2(7) of the Charter of the United Nations and the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. […]

146- Judgment 2867 of the ILO/AT against IFAD

146- Judgment No.2867 of the Administrative Tribunal of the International Labour Organization upon a Complaint Filed against the International Fund for Agricultural Development In April 2010, the Court received a request for an advisory opinion from the International Fund for Agricultural Development (“IFAD”), a specialized agency of the United Nations, concerning a judgment of the […]

145-Jurisdiction and Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters (Belgium v. Switzerland)

145-Jurisdiction and Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters (Belgium v. Switzerland) On December 21st, 2009, Belgium filed an application instituting proceedings against Switzerland before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in relation with a dispute concerning the application and interpretation of the Lugano Convention of September 16th, 1988  on jurisdiction and the enforcement […]

144-Questions relating to the Obligation to Prosecute or Extradite (Belgium vs Senegal)

144-Questions relating to the Obligation to Prosecute or Extradite (Belgium vs Senegal) On February 19th, 2009, Belgium filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Senegal regarding the situation of Chad’s former President, Mr. Hissene Habre, who had obtained the right to asylum on Senegale territory in 1990. The requesting […]

142-Application of the Interim Accord of 13 September 1995 (the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia v. Greece)

142-Application of the Interim Accord of 13 September 1995 (the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia v. Greece) On November 17th, 2008, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia filed an application instituting proceedings against Greece before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in respect of a dispute concerning the interpretation and implementation of the Interim Accord […]

140- Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v. Russian Federation)

140- Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v. Russian Federation) Georgia filed an application instituting proceedings against Russia before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for alleged violations of the articles 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 of the International Convention on the Elimination of all […]

138-Aerial Herbicide Spraying (Ecuador v. Colombia)

138-Aerial Herbicide Spraying (Ecuador v. Colombia) On March 31st, 2008, Ecuador filed an application instituting proceedings against Colombia before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), regarding the alleged “aerial spraying [by Colombia] of toxic herbicides at locations near, at and across its border with Ecuador”. The applicant State claimed to have tried, on many occasions, […]

137- Maritime Dispute (Peru vs Chile)

137- Maritime Dispute (Peru vs Chile) On January 16th, 2008, Peru filed an  application instituting the proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Chile to settle the maritime disputes existing between the two States. In its judgment of January 27th, 2014, the ICJ first sought to ascertain that there existed, as Chile claimed, […]

136-Certain Questions of Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (Djibouti v. France)

136-Certain Questions of Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters (Djibouti v. France) The Republic of Djobouti filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against France on January 09th, 2006. It criticised the position of the French governmental and judicial authorities for having refused to execute a letter rogatory concerning the transmission […]

135-Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay)

135-Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay) On May 4th, 2006, Argentina filed an application instituting proceedings against Uruguay before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for an alleged violation of the Treaty of February 26th, 1975 organising the Statute of the River Uruguay (the 1975 Statute), in the part which constitutes their […]

134-Status vis-a-vis the Host State of a Diplomatic Envoy to the UN (Dominica vs Switzerland)

134-Status vis-a-vis the Host State of a Diplomatic Envoy to the UN (Dominica vs Switzerland) On April 26th, 2006, the Commonwealth of Dominica filed an application instituting proceedings against Switzerland for alleged violation by the latter of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic relations, as well as other instruments and rules of international law, in relation […]

133-Dispute regarding Navigational and Related Rights (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua)

133-Dispute regarding Navigational and Related Rights (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua) On September 29th, 2005,  Costa Rica  filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Nicaragua concerning a dispute relating to Costa Rica’s navigational and related rights over a part of San Juan River, the southern bank of which forms the […]

132-Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea (Romania vs Ukraine)

132-Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea (Romania vs Ukraine) On 16 September 2004, Romania filed an Application instituting proceedings against Ukraine before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in respect of a dispute concerning “the establishment of a single maritime boundary between the two States in the Black Sea, thereby delimiting the continental shelf and […]

128- Avena and Other Mexican Nationals (Mexico vs USA)

128- Avena and Other Mexican Nationals (Mexico vs USA) Mexico filed an application instituting proceedings against the United States before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on January 9th, 2003 following alleged violation of articles 5 and 36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations of April 24th, 1963, in various legal proceedings which had […]

126- Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (DRC vs Rwanda)

126- Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (DRC vs Rwanda) On May 28th, 2002,the Democratic Republic of Congo filed an Application instituting proceedings against Rwanda before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) because of ”massive, serious and flagrant violations of human rights and international humanitarian law”. The Congo based the jurisdiction of the […]

125- Frontier Dispute (Benin/Niger)

125- Frontier Dispute (Benin/Niger) Benin and Niger signed a Special Agreement on June 15th,2001 in which the two countries agreed to submit to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) their dispute concerning “the definitive delimitation of the whole boundary between them”. On May 3rd, 2002, they notified the Court which, in an order dated November […]

124-Territorial and Maritime Dispute (Nicaragua vs Colombia)

124-Territorial and Maritime Dispute (Nicaragua vs Colombia) On December 6th, 2001, Nicaragua filed an application instituting proceedings against Colombia before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in order to settle maritime and territorial disputes that have existed between the parties for many years. Colombia filed preliminary objections regarding the jurisdiction of the Court. In its […]

129-Certain criminal Proceedings in France (DRC vs France)

129-Certain Criminal Proceedings in France (DRC vs France) On December 9th, 2002, the Democratic Republic of Congo filed an application instituting proceedings against France to stop the investigation and prosecution carried out by the French judicial system following allegations of crimes against humanity and torture allegedly committed in the Congo against Congolese nationals. These complaints […]

123- Certain Properties (Liechtenstein vs Germany)

123- Certain Properties (Liechtenstein vs Germany) On June 1st, 2006, Liechtenstein filed an application instituting proceedings against Germany before the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The dispute revolved around the issue of the application of the ”Benes Decrees”, which allowed Czechoslovakia to seize and confiscate certain properties of Liechtenstein nationals during world war II. Were […]

121-Arrest Warrant of April 11th, 2000 (DRC vs Belgium)

121-Arrest Warrant of April 11th, 2000 (DRC vs Belgium) On October 17th,2008, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) filed an application instituting proceedings against the Kingdom of Belgium before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) concerning an arrest warrant against Mr. Abdoulaye Yerodia Ndombasi, then acting minister of foreign affairs of the DRC, for […]

119-Aerial Incident of August 10th, 1999 (Pakistan vs India)

119-Aerial Incident of August 10th, 1999 (Pakistan vs India) Pakistan filed an Application instituting proceedings against India before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) following the destruction of a Pakistani plane in the aerial incident of August 10th, 1999. India submitted preliminary objections relating to the jurisdiction of the Court.  In its judgment of June […]

117-Armed activities on the Territory of the Congo (DRC vs Rwanda)

117-Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (DRC vs Rwanda) On June 23rd, 1999, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Rwanda. It asserted that acts of aggression had been committed on its territory, which if true, would be a clear […]

116-Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (DRC vs Uganda)

116-Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (DRC vs Uganda) On June 23rd, 1999, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Uganda. It asserted that acts of aggression had been committed on its territory, which if true, would be a clear […]

115-Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (DRC vs Burundi)

115-Armed Activities on the Territory of the Congo (DRC vs Burundi) On June 23rd, 1999, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Burundi. It asserted that acts of aggression had been committed on its territory, which if true, would be a clear […]

114-Legality of Use of Force (Yugoslavia vs United States)

114-Legality of Use of Force (Yugoslavia vs United States) On April 29th, 1999, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia filed Applications instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against several States, including the United States, claiming that the latter had violated its international obligation not to use force against another State. In its application […]

113-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs United Kingdom)

113-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs United Kingdom) On April 29th, 1999, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia filed Applications instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against several States, including the United Kingdom, claiming that the latter had violated its international obligation not to use force against another State. In […]

112-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Spain)

112-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Spain) On April 29th, 1999, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia filed Applications instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against several States, including Spain, claiming that the latter had violated its international obligation not to use force against another State. In its application instituting […]

111-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Portugal)

111-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Portugal) On April 29th, 1999, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia filed Applications instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against several States, including Portugal, claiming that the latter had violated its international obligation not to use force against another State. In its application instituting […]

110-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Netherlands)

110-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Netherlands) On April 29th, 1999, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia filed Applications instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against several States, including the Netherlands, claiming that the latter had violated its international obligation not to use force against another State. In its application […]

109-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Italy)

109-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Italy) On April 29th, 1999, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia filed Applications instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against several States, including Italy, claiming that the latter had violated its international obligation not to use force against another State. In its application instituting […]

108-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Germany)

108-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Germany) On April 29th, 1999, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia filed Applications instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against several States, including Germany, claiming that the latter had violated its international obligation not to use force against another State. In its application instituting […]

107-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs France)

107-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs France) On April 29th, 1999, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia filed Applications instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against several States, including France, claiming that the latter had violated its international obligation not to use force against another State. In its application instituting […]

106-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Canada)

106-Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Canada) On April 29th, 1999, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia filed Applications instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against several States, including Canada, claiming that the latter had violated its international obligation not to use force against another State. In its application instituting […]

105- Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Belgium)

105- Legality of Use of Force (Serbia and Montenegro vs Belgium) On April 29th, 1999, The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia filed Applications instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against several States, including Belgium, claiming that the latter had violated its international obligation not to use force against another State. In its application […]

104- LaGrand Case (Germany vs USA)

104- LaGrand Case (Germany vs USA) Karl and Walter LaGrand, both German citizens, were arrested in the State of Arizona in 1982. They were judged and sentenced to the death penalty without having been informed of their right to communicate with and be assisted by their governments. As a result, consular officers did not intervene […]

103- Ahmadou Sadio Diallo Case (Republic of Guinea vs Democratic Republic of the Congo)

103- Ahmadou Sadio Diallo Case (Republic of Guinea vs Democratic Republic of the Congo) On December 28th, 1998, The Republic of Guinea filed an application against the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in respect of a dispute concerning ”serious violations of international law”, against one of its citizens, Mr. Ahmadou Sadio Diallo, a Guinean […]

102- Sovereignty over Pulau Ligitan and Pulau Sipadan (Indonesia/Malaysia)

102- Sovereignty over Pulau Ligitan and Pulau Sipadan (Indonesia/Malaysia) The Republic of Indonesia and Malaysia signed a compromise on January 31st, 1997 in Kuala Lumpur which aimed to submit their dispute to the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The question put to the Court was to decide which of the two States, in light of […]

096- Fisheries Jurisdiction Case (Spain vs Canada)

096- Fisheries Jurisdiction Case (Spain vs Canada) The Kingdom of Spain filed on March 28th, 1995 an application instituting proceedings against Canada before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), alleging the breach of various measures of international law relating to fishing on the “high seas”. Indeed, under a national law, Canada prohibited any boat from […]

095- Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapon

095- Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapon The International Court of Justice (ICJ) was seized by the Secretary-General of the United Nations to give an advisory opinion on the question: “Is the threat or use of nuclear weapons in any circumstance permitted under international law ? The ICJ first ensured it had  […]

094- Land and Maritime Boundary between Cameroon and Nigeria (Cameroon vs Nigeria)

094- Land and Maritime Boundary between Cameroon and Nigeria (Cameroon vs Nigeria) On March 29th, 1994, Cameroon filed before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against Nigeria, relating to the disputed sovereignty of the Bakassi peninsula and more generally to the delimitation of the maritime frontier between the two countries. Cameroon […]

093- Legality of a Use by a State of Nuclear Weapons in Armed Conflicts

093- Legality of a Use by a State of Nuclear Weapons in Armed Conflicts In a letter dated August 27th, 1993, the World Health Organization (WHO) requested that International Court of Justice (ICJ) issue an advisory opinion on the following question: “In view of the health and environmental effects, would the use of nuclear weapons […]

090- Oil Platforms (Islamic Republic of Iran vs USA)

090- Oil Platforms (Islamic Republic of Iran vs USA) On November 2nd, 1992, the Islamic Republic of Iran filed an application instituting proceedings against the United States of America before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) regarding the destruction of Iranian oil platforms. The applicant claimed that between October 1987 and April 1988, American warships […]

088- Interpretation and Application of the 1971 Montreal Convention (Libya vs UK)

088- Interpretation and Application of the 1971 Montreal Convention (Libya vs UK) On March 3rd, 1992, Libya filed before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against the United Kingdom with regards to the Lockerbie air incident of December 21st, 1988. In this case, two Libyan nationals had planted an explosive device […]

086- The Passage through Great Belt Case (Finland vs Denmark)

086- The Passage through Great Belt Case (Finland vs Denmark) On May 17th, 1991, Finland filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Denmark in respect of a dispute concerning passage through the Great Belt, and the project by the Government of Denmark to build a fixed traffic connection for […]

085- Maritime Delimitation between Guinea Bissau and Senegal (Guinea Bissau vs Senegal)

085- Maritime Delimitation between Guinea Bissau and Senegal (Guinea Bissau vs Senegal) On March 12th, 1991, Guinea-Bissau filed an application instituting proceedings before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) against Senegal. In so far as that application had a clear connection with the case 082- Arbitral Award of 31 July 1989 (Guinea Bissau vs Senegal) still […]

084- East Timor Case (Portugal vs Australia)

084- East Timor Case (Portugal vs Australia) On February 22nd, 1991, Portugal filed with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against Australia concerning “certain activities of Australia with respect to East Timor”. It contended that Australia had disregarded its obligation to respect the duties and powers of Portugal as the administering […]

083- Territorial Dispute between Libya and Chad (Libya vs Chad)

083- Territorial Dispute between Libya and Chad (Libya vs Chad) On August 31st, 1990, Libya and Chad submitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an agreement concluded between the two parties on August 31st, 1989, in which they agreed to submit their territorial dispute to the Court in the event that they were unable […]

082- Arbitral Award of 31 July 1989 (Guinea Bissau vs Senegal)

082- Arbitral Award of 31 July 1989 (Guinea Bissau vs Senegal) On August 23rd, 1989, Guinea Bissau filed before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against Senegal concerning the delimitation of the maritime border between the two countries. It explained that the two countries could not agree through diplomatic channels on […]

080- Certain Phosphate Lands in Nauru (Nauru vs Autralia)

080- Certain Phosphate Lands in Nauru (Nauru vs Australia) On May 19th, 1989 the Republic of Nauru filed an application instituting proceedings against the Commonwealth of Australia in respect of a dispute concerning the rehabilitation of certain phosphate lands mined under Australian administration before Nauruan independence. It contended that Australia had violated:  Its trusteeship obligations […]

079- Aerial Incident of 03 July 1988 (Iran vs USA)

079- Aerial Incident of 03 July 1988 (Iran vs USA) On May 17th, 1989, the Islamic Republic of Iran filed with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against the United States of America, following the destruction in flight by a missile cruiser of the US forces operating in the Persian Gulf […]

077- Applicability of the Obligation to Arbitrate under Section 21 of the UN Headquarters

077- Applicability of the Obligation to Arbitrate under Section 21 of the UN Headquarters On March 2nd, 1988, the Secretary-General of the United Nations transmitted to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) resolution 42/229B in which the General Assembly requested an advisory opinion on whether “the United States of America, as a party to the […]

076- ELSI (USA vs Italy)

076-Elettronica Sicula S.p.A. (ELSI) (USA vs. Italy) On February 6th, 1987, the United States filed before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) an application instituting proceedings against Italy concerning a dispute arising from the requisition by the Italian Government of the factory and other assets of Raytheon-Elsi S.p.A., an Italian company which was, in its […]